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The sulfonation of 4-pentenoic acid (Allylacetic acid) yields the corresponding γ-lactone. It was used to inhibit fatty acid oxidation in rat heart mitochondria.
J.C.Fong; H.Schulz. On the rate-determining step of fatty acid oxidation in heart. Inhibition of fatty acid oxidation by 4-pentenoic acid. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 1978, 253,(19), 6917-6922.
C.Corredor; K.Brendel; R.Bressler. Studies of the mechanism of the hypoglycemic action of 4-pentenoic acid. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1967, 58,(6), 2299-2306.
Hazard Statements: H227-H302-H314
Combustible liquid. Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P260-P264b-P270-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant