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Benzoic acid is an important precursor for the preparation of many other organic substances viz. benzoyl chloride, benylbenzoate, phenol, sodium benzoate, benzyl alcohol as well as benzoate plasticizers such as glycol-, diethhyleneglycol- and triethyleneglycol esters. Benzoic acid and its salts are used as food preservatives. It is involved in rubber polymerization as an activator and a retardant. It is the main component of benzoin resin and is a constituent of Whitfields ointment, which is used for the treatment of fungal skin diseases such as tinea, ringworm and athletes foot. It is widely used in cosmetics, dyes, plastics and insect repellents.
Sarcevica, I.; Orola, L.; Nartowski, K. P.; Khimyak, Y. Z.; Round, A. N.; Fabian, L. Mechanistic and Kinetic Insight into Spontaneous Cocrystallization of Isoniazid and Benzoic Acid. Mol. Pharmaceutics 2015, 12 (8), 2981-2992.
Osowole, A. A.; Wakil, S. M. Synthesis, characterization, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of someMetal(II) Complexes of the Mixed-Ligands, Vitamin B2 and Benzoic acid. Appl. Chem. 2015, 79, 30370-30374.
Hazard Statements: H315-H318-H372-H500
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye damage. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure. May form combustible dust concentrations in air
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P270-P280-P302+P352-P305+P351+P338-P310-P314-P332+P313-P362-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant