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In the synthesis of organic compounds, phosphonium salts and other phosphorus compounds, and as a polymerization initiatorTriphenylphosphine is used in the synthesis of organic compounds due to its nucleophilicity and its reducing character. It is involved in the synthesis of biaryl compounds, phosphonium salts and other phosphorus compounds. As a reducing agent, it is used to prepare aromatic amines from the corresponding aromatic N-oxides. The anionic phosphine is usually isolated as the trisodium salt, which reacts with rhodium to form a complex that finds use in industrial hydroformylation reactions. It is also used to prepare Wilkinson's catalyst, RhCl(PPh3)3 useful to catalyze the hydrogenation of alkenes and tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(0) that is widely used to catalyse C-C coupling reactions in organic synthesis.
Lenstra, D. C.; Rutjes, F. P.; Mecinovic, J. Triphenylphosphine-catalysed amide bond formation between carboxylic acids and amines. Chem. Commun. 2014, 50 (43), 5763-5766.
Maleki, A.; Rahimi, R.; Maleki, S.; Hamidi, N. Synthesis and characterization of magnetic bromochromate hybrid nanomaterials with triphenylphosphine surface-modified iron oxide nanoparticles and their catalytic application in multicomponent reactions. RSC Adv. 2014, 4 (56), 29765-29771.
Hazard Statements: H302-H317-H373
Harmful if swallowed. May cause an allergic skin reaction. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P280g-P301+P312a-P363-P321-P501a
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor if you feel unwell. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Specific treatment (see label). Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.