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Triethyl phosphonoacetate serves as a reactant used in Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reactions, Tsuji-Trost type reactions, Intramolecular Heck-type cyclization and isomerizations and Intramolecular aryne-ene reactions. In Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reaction, it is utilized as a reagent to prepare chiral 2-methylcyclopropanecarboxylic acid from (S)-propylene oxide.
Wadsworth-Emmons (Horner) reaction with aldehydes and ketones gives acrylic esters. See, e.g.: Org. Synth. Coll., 5, 509, 547 (1973), and Appendix 1.
Base-catalyzed aldol, Cannizzaro and saponification reactions can be minimized, by the use of, e.g.: K2CO3: Synthesis, 300 (1983); Tetrahedron Lett., 26, 53 (1985); F-: Tetrahedron Lett., 21, 2161 (1980); N-ethyldiisopropylamine + LiCl: Tetrahedron Lett., 25, 2183 (1984); Et3N + Li halides: J. Org. Chem., 50, 2624 (1985).
Reaction with aqueous formaldehyde does not lead to the "expected" Wadsworth-Emmons product, but to ethyl ɑ-(hydroxymethyl)acrylate, a precursor of the synthetically useful ethyl ɑ-bromomethylacrylate, by condensation with the initially-formed "aldol" product: Org. Synth. Coll., 8, 265 (1993).
Kim, H.; Paik, Y. K. Synthesis of Photoaffinity-Labeled Daumone Analogs. Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2015, 36 (9), 2177-2178.
Lee, J. Y.; Choi, J. H.; Ryoo, K. S.; Kwon, Y. B.; Hong, Y. P. Economical Synthesis of Grapevine Moth Sex Pheromone. Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2015, 36 (1), 421-423.
Hazard Statements: H315-H318-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P271-P280-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P312-P332+P313-P362-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant