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1,3-Dichloroacetone is used in the synthesis of citric acid. It is used as a solvent and as an intermediate in organic synthesis. Further, it serves as an acceptor substrate in the cross-aldol reaction with donor substrates such as acetone, cyclopentanone and cyclohexanone. It is also used in the preparation of an active pharmaceutical ingredient, famotidine.
Successive reaction with a Grignard reagent and Li metal leads to 1-substituted cyclopropanols, which rearrange on thermolysis to ethyl ketones: Synthesis, 647 (1983):
The cyclization can also be induced by ethyl radicals, generated from ethylmagnesium bromide and FeCl3. This method is applicable only to 1-arylcyclopropanols: J. Org. Chem., 29, 2813 (1964); 43, 3602 (1978); Org. Synth. Coll., 5, 1058 (1973).
Formation of the acetal followed by treatment with NaNH2 provides a route to cyclopropenones: Tetrahedron, 48, 2045 (1992).
Serrano, M.; Silva, M.; Gallego, M. Determination of 14 haloketones in treated water using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. A 2015, 1407, 208-215.
Deng, J.; Chen, K.; Yao, Z.; Lin, J.; Wei, D. Efficient synthesis of optically active halogenated aryl alcohols at high substrate load using a recombinant carbonyl reductase from Gluconobacter oxydans. J. Mol. Catal. B: Enzym. 2015, 118, 1-7.
Hazard Statements: H300-H310-H314-H330-H335-H340
Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Fatal if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause genetic defects.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P260-P262-P264b-P270-P271-P281-P284-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P363-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Use personal protective equipment as required. Wear respiratory protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant