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1,4-Dioxane is used as a stabilizer for 1,1,1-trichloroethane and chlorinated solvents. It acts as a solvent for cellulose acetate, ethyl cellulose, benzyl cellulose, resins, oils, waxes, dyes, other organic and inorganic compounds. It acts as a substitute for tetrahydrofuran due to its higher boiling point and lower toxicity. Further, it is used as an internal standard for proton NMR spectroscopy in deuterium oxide. It plays an important role in liquid scintillation counting in biological procedures, and as a wetting and dispersing agent in textile processing. It is involved in the preparation of dimethylmagnesium by reacting with methylmagnesium bromide, and in the preparation of histological sections for microscopic examination.
Adamson, D. T.; Anderson, R. H.; Mahendra, S.; Newell, C. J. Evidence of 1,4-Dioxane Attenuation at Groundwater Sites Contaminated with Chlorinated Solvents and 1,4-Dioxane. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2015, 49 (11), 6510-6518.
Rathi, P.; Jouyban, A.; Khoubnasabjafari, M.; Kale, M. Solubility of Etoricoxib in Aqueous Solutions of 1,4-Butanediol, 1,4-Dioxane, N,N-Dimethylacetamide, N,N-Dimethylformamide, Dimethyl Sulfoxide, and Ethanol at 298.2 K. J. Chem. Eng. Data 2015, 60 (7), 2128-2134.
Hazard Statements: H225-H319-H335-H336-H350-H373
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness. May cause cancer. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P264b-P271-P280i-P281-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P308+P313-P337+P313-P370+P378q-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear eye/face protection. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant