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1,3-Dihydroxyacetone dimer is used as a catalytic agent and petrochemical additive. It is also used as a building block in organic synthesis. Further, it serves as a reagent in three-carbon nucleophilic or electrophilic component in various reactions.
In solid state, exists predominantly as trans-2,5-dihydroxy-1,4-dioxane-2,5-dimethanol (structure and CAS registry number as shown). On melting or in solution, mainly dissociates to monomeric 1,3-dihydroxyacetone [96-26-4]: J. Mol. Struct., 35, 85 (1976).
For a review of the dihydroxyacetone unit as a verstaile 3-carbon building block in organic synthesis, see: Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 44, 1305 (2005).
Huang, Y.; Pathirana, C.; Ye, Q.; Palaniswamy, V. Non-enzymatic transformation of DL-glyceraldehyde, 1,3-dihydroxyacetone, and pyruvaldehyde with primary amine to the same DL-alanine derivatives. Tetrahedron Lett. 2015, 56 (30), 4516-4519.
Li, Y.; Zaera, F. Factors affecting activity and selectivity in the oxidation of glycerol promoted by platinum catalysts. Catal. Sci. Technol. 2015, 5 (7), 3773-3781.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P264b-P271-P280-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P332+P313-P362-P501c
Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant