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Benzoic anhydride is used as a benzoylating agent in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, dyes and intermediates. It serves as an arylation agent in the Heck reaction. It is also used to get benzoic acid through dehydration. Further, it is used to prepare furan-2-yl-phenyl-methanone, which is similar to Friedel-Crafts acylation reaction. In addition to this, it is used for the synthesis of carboxylic esters and lactones.
Reagent, in the presence of excess pyridine, for decarboxylation of ɑ-keto acids, giving good yields of aldehydes without Perkin condensation: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 87, 3780 (1965).
In the presence of RuCl3, tertiary amines are dealkylated and benzoylated to give N,N-disubstituted benzamides: J. Organomet. Chem., 252, C9 (1983).
Hou, J.; Xie, J. H.; Zhou, Q. L. Palladium-Catalyzed Hydrocarboxylation of Alkynes with Formic Acid. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2015, 127 (21), 6400-6403.
Sun, L.; Fan, Z.; Wang, Y.; Huang, Y.; Schmidt, M.; Zhang, M. Tunable synthesis of self-assembled cyclic peptide nanotubes and nanoparticles. Soft Matter 2015, 11 (19), 3822-3832.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.