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Tetramethyldisilazane is used as a gas chromatographic derivatizing reagent. Further, it reacts with phenol to prepare dimethylphenoxysilane. In addition, it is used in electronic, polymer and pharmaceutical industries.
Reagent for the preparation (see Appendix 4) of dimethylsilyl (DMS) derivatives, compare Hexamethyldisilazane, A15139. With allylic and homoallylic alcohols, the products can undergo Pt- or Rh-catalyzed intramolecular hydrosilylation, providing a regioselective route to 1,3-diols: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 108, 6090 (1986). For an example of this reaction, see Chlorodimethylsilane, A13113.
The potassium derivative, formed by reaction with KH in THF, reacts with alkyl halides to give, after hydrolysis, high yields of primary amines, thus providing a convenient alternative to the classical Gabriel method. Other silazanes, including hexamethyldisilazane, give lower yields: Synthesis, 150 (1995):
Sanli, D.; Erkey, C. Silylation from supercritical carbon dioxide: a powerful technique for modification of surfaces. J. Mater. Sci. 2015, 50 (22), 7159-7181.
Fainer, N. I.; Kosyakov, V. I. Phase composition of thin silicon carbonitride films obtained by plazma endanced chemical vapor deposition using organosilicon compounds. J. Struct. Chem. 2015, 56 (1), 163-174.
Hazard Statements: H225-H314-H335
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant