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Bromoacetic acid is used in organic synthesis and as an alkylating agent. It is also used as a biochemical for proteomics research. It is an important raw material and intermediate used in organic synthesis, pharmaceuticals, dyes and agrochemicals.
E.A. Barnard.; W.D. Stein. The histidine residue in the active centre of ribonuclease: I. A specific reaction with bromoacetic acid. Journal of Molecular Biology. 1959, 1 (4-5), 339-349.
Philip J. Elving.; Isadore Rosenthal.; Marilyn Koll Kramer. Polarographic Behavior of Organic Compounds. IX. Iodoacetic Acid and the Bromoacetic Acids. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1951, 73 (4), 1717-1722.
Reaction with a dialkyl phosphite followed by an aldehyde has been used in a convenient one-pot synthesis of acrylic acids: J. Org. Chem., 46, 2514 (1981). For examples with reaction schemes, see Chloroacetic acid, A11482 and 2-Bromopropionic acid, A17569.
Hazard Statements: H301+H311+H331-H314-H317-H335
Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Toxic if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause an allergic skin reaction. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P270-P272-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P333+P313-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant