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Aniline is used as a solvent. It has been used as an antiknock compound for gasolines. It has a major application in the preparation of polyurethane which is used in making plastic, building thermal foam insulations and in refrigerators. It is widely used in the preparation of methylene dianiline and related compounds by reacting with formaldehyde. It combines with nitric acid and is utilized as rocket fuel for small missiles and jet assisted take-off. It acts as an additive to rubber and its derivatives such as phenylenediamines and diphenylamine are used as antioxidants. It finds application in dyes and pigments in agricultural and polymer industries. It is employed at a smaller scale in the production of the intrinsically conducting polymer polyaniline.
Qadir, M. I.; Scholten, J. D.; Dupont, J. Ionic liquid effect: selective aniline oxidative coupling to azoxybenzene by TiO2. Catal. Sci. Technol. 2015, 5 (3), 1459-1462.
Fu, L.; Cai, W.; Wang, A.; Zheng, Y. Photocatalytic hydrogenation of nitrobenzene to aniline over tungsten oxide-silver nanowires. Mater. Lett. 2015, 142, 201-203.
Hazard Statements: H227-H301-H311-H317-H318-H331-H336-H341-H351-H372
Combustible liquid. Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Causes serious eye damage. Toxic if inhaled. May cause drowsiness or dizziness. Suspected of causing genetic defects. Suspected of causing cancer. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P210-P235-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P272-P280g-P281-P301+P310-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P308+P313-P310-P311-P312-P330-P333+P313-P361-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep cool. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant