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Iodoethane is an excellent ethylating agent used in organic synthesis to introduce an ethyl group into a compound. It reacts with magnesium to form the Grignard reagent, ethylmagnesium iodide which is used in organic synthesis. It is involved in the preparation of 1-ethyl-3-nitro-2-phenyl-indole and also serves as hydrogen radical promoter.
Nijamudheen, A.; Datta, A. Mechanism for C-I Bond Dissociation in Iodoethane, Iodobenzene, and Iodoethene for the C-C Cross Coupling Reactions over Gold Clusters. J. Phys. Chem. C 2013, 117 (41), 21433-21440.
Ljubic, I.; Matasovic, B.; Bonifacic, M. An efficient buffer-mediated control between free radical substitution and proton-coupled electron transfer: dehalogenation of iodoethane by the alpha-hydroxyethyl radical in aqueous solution. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2013, 15 (41), 18001-18011.
Hazard Statements: H227-H302-H315-H317-H319-H334-H335
Combustible liquid. Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P235-P261-P264b-P270-P271-P272-P280-P285-P301+P312-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P330-P333+P313-P337+P313-P342+P311-P362-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep cool. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: If experiencing respiratory symptoms: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant