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Iodoethane is an excellent ethylating agent used in organic synthesis to introduce an ethyl group into a compound. It reacts with magnesium to form the Grignard reagent, ethylmagnesium iodide which is used in organic synthesis. It is involved in the preparation of 1-ethyl-3-nitro-2-phenyl-indole and also serves as hydrogen radical promoter.
Nijamudheen, A.; Datta, A. Mechanism for C-I Bond Dissociation in Iodoethane, Iodobenzene, and Iodoethene for the C-C Cross Coupling Reactions over Gold Clusters. J. Phys. Chem. C 2013, 117 (41), 21433-21440.
Ljubic, I.; Matasovic, B.; Bonifacic, M. An efficient buffer-mediated control between free radical substitution and proton-coupled electron transfer: dehalogenation of iodoethane by the alpha-hydroxyethyl radical in aqueous solution. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2013, 15 (41), 18001-18011.
Hazard Statements: H302-H315-H319-H334-H317-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled. May cause an allergic skin reaction. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P284-P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Wear respiratory protection. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.