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Hydrobromic acid is an indispensable raw material for organic intermediates, inorganic pharmaceuticals, photosensitive materials, dyes and medicines. It is also used in the production of bromine compounds. It is used as an important agent in the industrial processes of isomerization, polymerization, hydration and dehydration and esterification reactions. It plays an essential role for the extraction of mercury from the cinnebar ore.
Preferred reagent for the non-hydrogenolytic cleavage of the N-benzyloxycarbonyl (Cbz, Z) group in peptide synthesis: J. Org. Chem., 17, 1564 (1952). For peptide reagents, see Appendix 6.
Used in combination with Paraformaldehyde, A11313, or 1,3,5-Trioxane, A15639, for the bromomethylation of aromatics: J. Org. Chem., 58, 1262 (1993); Synlett, 55 (1989). For N-bromomethylation of phthalimide and other imides, see: Synlett, 933 (1994).
For use in the bromoacetoxylation of (S)-(+)-1,2-Propanediol, B21773, as an example of the conversion of chiral vic-diols to epoxides with retention of configuration, see: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin 1, 1214 (1973); Org. Synth. Coll., 7, 356 (1990).
Cai, X.; Li, Y.; Yue, D.; Yi, Q.; Li, S.; Shi, D.; Gu, Z. Reversible PEGylation and Schiff-base linked imidazole modification of polylysine for high-performance gene delivery. J. Mater. Chem. B 2015, 3 (8), 1507-1517.
Wang, Q. M.; Gao, Z.; Liu, S.; Fan, B.; Kang, L.; Huang, W.; Jin, M. Hybrid polymeric micelles based on bioactive polypeptides as pH-responsive delivery systems against melanoma. Biomaterials 2014, 35 (25), 7008-7021.
Hazard Statements: H226-H314-H318-H335
Flammable liquid and vapour. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant