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2-Oxazolidinone is used as antimicrobials, in organisms it act as a protein synthesis inhibitors, targeting an early step involving the binding of N-formylmethionyl-tRNA to the ribosome. They are used for chiral synthesis. It has been used as an ethanolamine equivalent, also behaves as an aziridine equivalent as in the conversion of thiophenols or amines to their aminoethyl derivatives.
Hideaki Kakeya; Masayuki Morishita; Hiroyuki Koshino; Tetsu-ichiro Morita; Kimiko Kobayashi and Hiroyuki Osada. Cytoxazone:? A Novel Cytokine Modulator Containing a 2-Oxazolidinone Ring Produced by Streptomyces sp. J. Org. Chem. 1999, 64 (3), 1052-1053.
Guo-Jie Ho; David J. Mathre. Lithium-Initiated Imide Formation. A Simple Method for N-Acylation of 2-Oxazolidinones and Bornane-2,10-Sultam. J. Org. Chem. 1995, 60 (7), 2271-2273.
Has been used as an ethanolamine equivalent, e.g. in reaction with succinic anhydride to give 1-(2-hydroxyethyl)succinimide: Tetrahedron, 44, 261 (1988). Also behaves as an aziridine equivalent as in the conversion of thiophenols or amines to their aminoethyl derivatives: J. Org. Chem., 57, 6257 (1992).