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Riboflavin 5?-monophosphate (FMN) is used as a prosthetic group by oxidoreductase (one and two electron transfer) enzymes such as NADH dehydrogenase, nitric oxide synthase, and nitrilotriacetate monooxygenase. Riboflavin 5?-monophosphate is used as a substrate to study the specificity and kinetics of FMN phosphohydrolases and to study molecular sensing based gene regulation by riboswitches. It is a photoinitiator of polymerization for PAGE gels.
Quentin Vicens; Estefanía Mondragón; Robert T Batey. Molecular sensing by the aptamer domain of the FMN riboswitch: a general model for ligand binding by conformational selection. Nucleic Acids Research. 2011, 39 (19), 8586-8598.
Maria Luigia Pallotta. Evidence for the presence of a FAD pyrophosphatase and a FMN phosphohydrolase in yeast mitochondria: a possible role in flavin homeostasis. Yeast. 2011, 28 (10), 693-705.