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Tin(II) chloride is used as a sensitizing agent in preparing glass and plastic for metalizing. It serves as a potent reducing agent. Other uses of stannous chloride are tin electroplating baths, corrosion inhibitors, polymers, thermoplastic elastomers, soldering flux, antioxidant, tanning agent and pharmaceuticals.
Nitro aromatics can be selectively reduced in the presence of aldehyde, nitrile or halogen substituents, using ethanol - ethyl acetate as solvent: Tetrahedron Lett., 25, 839 (1984). ɑß-Unsaturated nitro compounds are reduced to the oximes of saturated ketones: Synth. Commun., 18, 693 (1988).
Reduces azides to amines in methanol: Tetrahedron Lett., 27, 1425 (1986).
For use in the preparation of aldehydes by the Stephen reduction of aromatic nitriles, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 3, 626 (1955), and by the Sonn-Mueller reduction of imidoyl chlorides: Org. Synth. Coll., 3, 818 (1955).
Catalyzes the reaction of ethyl diazoacetate with aldehydes to give ß-keto esters: J. Org. Chem., 54, 3258 (1989). For carbon-carbon double-bond formation between ɑ-halo ketones and aldehydes, mediated by SnCl2/Na2SO3, see: Synth. Commun., 23, 271 (1993).
Catalyst for tetrahydropyranylation of alcohols: Synth. Commun., 29, 1679 (1999).
Gurnani, C.; Hector, A. L.; Jager, E.; Levason, W.; Pugha, D.; Reid, G. Tin(II) fluoride vs. tin(II) chloride - a comparison of their coordination chemistry with neutral ligands. Dalton Trans. 2013, 42, 8364-8374.
Ramasamy, K.; Malika, M. A.; O'Brien, P. Routes to copper zinc tin sulfide Cu2ZnSnS4 a potential material for solar cells. Chem. Commun. 2012, 48, 5703-5714.
Hazard Statements: H290-H314-H317-H332-H335-H373
May be corrosive to metals. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Harmful if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P234-P260-P264b-P271-P272-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P333+P313-P363-P390-P501c
Keep only in original container. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Absorb spillage to prevent material damage. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant