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Ethyl oxalyl chloride is used in the synthesis of 2-oxo-3-alkenoic esters and alpha-keto ester in good yield. It acts as a reactant in the preparation of oxyoxalamide derivatives as an epoxide hydrolase inhibitor.
Reaction with imidazole, followed by a Grignard reagent, provides a route to ɑ-keto esters, generally in good yield: J. Org. Chem., 46, 211 (1981).
In the presence of pyridine, electron-rich alkenes give 2-oxo-3-alkenoic esters: Synthesis, 137 (1986):
Zang, T. N.; Zhao, R. R.; Yang, X. Z.; Gao, Y.; Wang, G. K.; Zhou, Y.; Zhang, J. F. A near-infrared chemodosimeter with Pi-selective colorimetric and fluorescent sensing and its application in vivo imaging. RSC Adv. 2015, 5 (88), 71756-71759.
Monascal, Y.; Maldonado, A.; Mora, J. R.; Córdova, T.; & Chuchani, G. Homogeneous and unimolecular gas-phase thermal decomposition kinetics of methyl benzoylformate: experimental and theoretical study. J. Phys. Org. Chem. 2015, 28 (1), 40-46.
Hazard Statements: H226-H314-H318-H335
Flammable liquid and vapour. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.