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Alkylating agent used in peptide mapping because it covalently binds with the thiols in cysteine to prevent disulfide bond formation2-Iodoacetamide is used as an electrophile for covalent modification of nucleophilic residues on proteins such as cysteine, methionine and histidine. It is used to bind with thiol group of cysteine, thereby it protects the formation disulfide bonds. It is involved as an inhibitor of deubiquitinase enzymes (DUBs). Further, it acts as an alkylating sulfhydryl reagent.
Zbancioc, G.; Mangalagiu, I. I.; Moldoveanu, C. Ultrasound assisted synthesis of imidazolium salts: An efficient way to ionic liquids. Ultrason. Sonochem. 2015, 23, 376-384.
Moriyama, M.; Metzger, S.; van der Vlies, A. J.; Uyama, H.; Ehrbar, M.; Hasegawa, U. Inhibition of Angiogenesis by Antioxidant Micelles. Adv. Healthcare Mater. 2013, 4 (4), 569-575.
Hazard Statements: H301-H315-H319-H317-H335
Toxic if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause an allergic skin reaction. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P301+P310a-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.