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It is commonly used in organic synthesis. It undergoes vapor-phase aldol condensation with formaldehyde to form methyl methacrylate.
Rose-Marie Moravie.; Jacques Corset. Conformational behaviour and vibrational spectra of methyl propionate. Chemical Physics Letters. 1974, 26, (2), 210-214.
Giancarlo Albanesi.; Pietro Moggi. Methyl methacrylate by gas phase catalytic condensation of formaldehyde with methyl propionate. Applied Catalysis. 1983, 6, (3), 293-306.
Hazard Statements: H225-H315-H319-H332
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. Harmful if inhaled.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P240-P241-P242-P243-P261-P264b-P271-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P332+P313-P337+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant