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Ammonium Chloride is commonly used as a buffer solution. It is used in the manufacture of fireworks, safety explosives and smokes. It is used to control pH levels in chemicals, to produce sodium carbonate, as a fertilizer, in electronics and in metallurgy. Also used as a flux for cleaning, as a flavoring agent, as an expectorant in cough medicine and as a systemic acidifying agent. It is widely used as an electrolyte in zinc-carbon batteries. It has application in leather industries for dyeing, tanning, textile printing and to luster cotton.
Gao, D.; Chen, C.; Ma, J.; Duan, X.; Zhang, J. Preparation, characterization and antibacterial functionalization of cotton fabric using dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride-allyl glycidyl ether-methacrylic/nano-ZnO composite. Chem. Eng. J. 2014, 258, 85-92.
Chen, H.; Li, G.; Li, H. Novel pretreatment of steam explosion associated with ammonium chloride preimpregnation. Bioresource Technol. 2014, 153, 154-159.
Hazard Statements: H302-H319-H335-H373
Harmful if swallowed. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P270-P271-P280i-P301+P312-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P314-P330-P337+P313-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear eye/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell. Rinse mouth. If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant