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Ammonium Chloride is commonly used as a buffer solution. It is used in the manufacture of fireworks, safety explosives and smokes. It is used to control pH levels in chemicals, to produce sodium carbonate, as a fertilizer, in electronics and in metallurgy. Also used as a flux for cleaning, as a flavoring agent, as an expectorant in cough medicine and as a systemic acidifying agent. It is widely used as an electrolyte in zinc-carbon batteries. It has application in leather industries for dyeing, tanning, textile printing and to luster cotton.
Gao, D.; Chen, C.; Ma, J.; Duan, X.; Zhang, J. Preparation, characterization and antibacterial functionalization of cotton fabric using dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride-allyl glycidyl ether-methacrylic/nano-ZnO composite. Chem. Eng. J. 2014, 258, 85-92.
Chen, H.; Li, G.; Li, H. Novel pretreatment of steam explosion associated with ammonium chloride preimpregnation. Bioresource Technol. 2014, 153, 154-159.
Hazard Statements: H302-H319
Harmful if swallowed. Causes serious eye irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P280i-P264-P305+P351+P338-P301+P312a-P337+P313-P501a
Wear eye/face protection. Wash thoroughly after handling. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor if you feel unwell. If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.