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Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate is widely utilized as a fertilizer, which provides phosphorous and nitrogen for plants. It is used as a dry fire extinguisher. It is a well known nonlinear optical material for various optoelectronic applications. It is also used in an emerald green, amethyst and aquamarine crystal growing box kit for children.
Punitha, P.; Parthiban, S.; Senthilkumar, S.; Anandalakshmi, H.; Mojumdar, S. C. Influence of Cd(II) doping on the thermal and optical properties of ammonium dihydrogen phosphate crystals. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 2015, 119 (2), 871-878.
Hasmuddin, M.; Singh, P.; Shkir, M.; Abdullah, M. M.; Vijayan, N.; Bhagavannarayana, G.; Waha, M. A. Structural, spectroscopic, optical, dielectric and mechanical study of pure and l-Proline doped ammonium dihydrogen phosphate single crystals. Spectrochim. Acta, Part A 2014, 123, 376-384.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.