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Cytotoxic compound that causes oxidative base damage to nuclear DNAAlloxan monohydrate is used as a precursor to prepare purple dye murexide. It is also used in research models to induce diabetes and destroy beta cells. Further, it is a strong oxidizing agent and it forms a hemiacetal with its reduced reaction product dialuric acid.
Allehyani, B. H.; Elroby, S. A.; Aziz, S. G.; Hilal, R. H. Protonation and deprotonation enthalpies of alloxan and implications for the structure and energy of its complexes with water: a computational study. J. Biomol. Struct. Dyn. 2015, 33 (4), 897-910.
Amraie, E.; Farsani, M. K.; Sadeghi, L.; Khan, T. N.; Babadi, V. Y.; Adavi, Z. The effects of aqueous extract of alfalfa on blood glucose and lipids in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Interv. Med. Appl. Sci. 2015, 7 (3), 124-128.
Hazard Statements: H302-H312-H332
Harmful if swallowed. Harmful in contact with skin. Harmful if inhaled.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P312-P302+P352-P304+P340-P312-P330-P363-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Rinse mouth. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant