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In the presence of esculetin and HA14-1 (sc-205911) expression of the death receptor 4 (DR4) has been observed to be upregulated and extracellular-regulated kinase (ERK) to be activated. Other studies suggest that esculetin upregulates death receptor 5 (DR5) protein expression, and enhances TRAIL-induced apoptosis. It also inhibits the activity of 12-LO (12-lipoxygenase), and decreases leukotriene biosynthesis during 5-LO inhibition.
Neichi Tomohiro; Koshihara Yasuko; Murota Sei-Itsu. Inhibitory effect of esculetin on 5-lipoxygenase and leukotriene biosynthesis. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Lipids and Lipid Metabolism. 1983, 753 (1), 130-132.
Chia-Yih Chu; Yu-Ying Tsai; Chau-Jong Wang; Wei-Long Lin; Tsui-Hwa Tseng. Induction of apoptosis by esculetin in human leukemia cells. European Journal of Pharmacology. 2001, 416 (1-2), 25-32.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P271-P280-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant