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It is a potent inhibitor of ribonuclease and topoisomerase II by preventing the binding of the nucleic acid to the enzyme. It stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation processes including the Jak2/STAT5 pathway in NB2 lymphoma cells, ErbB4 in neuroblastoma cells, and MAP kinases, Shc proteins, phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase and phospholipase C in PC12 cells. Aurintricarboxylic acid inhibits apoptosis in many cell types.
R G González,; R S Haxo,; T Schleich. Mechanism of action of polymeric aurintricarboxylic acid, a potent inhibitor of protein--nucleic acid interactions. Biochemistry (Washington). 1980, 19 (18),4299-4303.
Y Benchokroun,; J Couprie,; A K Larsen. Aurintricarboxylic acid, a putative inhibitor of apoptosis, is a potent inhibitor of DNA topoisomerase II in vitro and in Chinese hamster fibrosarcoma cells. Biochemical Pharmacology. 1995, 49(3), 305-313.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P264b-P280-P302+P352-P305+P351+P338-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362
Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.