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Lithium hydroxide is used for the production of lithium greases, lithium soaps, lithium stearate and lithium salts. It finds application as a carbon dioxide adsorbent in breathing gas purification systems for spacecrafts, submarines and rebreathers; as a storage-battery electrolyte; as a heat transfer medium and as a catalyst for polymerization reaction. It is also used in ceramics and some portland cement formulations.
Preferred base for chemoselective protection of carboxylic acids as methyl esters by reaction with dimethyl sulfate in THF, as an alternative to diazomethane: J. Org. Chem., 64, 8014 (1999).
Noda, Y.; Koga, N. Phenomenological kinetics of the carbonation reaction of lithium hydroxide monohydrate: Role of surface product layer and possible existence of a liquid phase. J. Phys. Chem. C 2014, 118 (10), 5424-5436.
Wang, D.; Belharouak, I.; Ortega, L. H.; Zhang, X.; Rui Xu, R.; Zhou, D.; Zhou, G.; Amine, K. Synthesis of high capacity cathodes for lithium-ion batteries by morphology-tailored hydroxide co-precipitation. J. Power Sources 2015, 274, 451-457.
Hazard Statements: H302-H314-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant