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Lanthanum chloride solutions are used in various water treatment applications. Lanthanum chloride is also used in biochemical research. Doped with cerium, it is applied as a scintillator material. In organic synthesis, lanthanum trichloride functions as a mild lewis acid. This compound is used in gamma detectors.
Catalyst for the efficient Knoevenagel condensation of active methylene compounds with aldehydes: Synth. Commun., 33, 3825 (2003)."
Zhang, Q. B.; Yang, C.; Hua, Y. X.; Lia, Y.; Dong, P. Electrochemical preparation of nanostructured lanthanum using lanthanum chloride as a precursor in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium dicyanamide ionic liquid. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2015, 17, 4701-4707.
Wang, L.; Wang, W.; Zhou, Q.; Huang, X. Combined effects of lanthanum(III) chloride and acid rain on photosynthetic parameters in rice. Chemosphere 2014, 112, 355-361.
Hazard Statements: H290-H317-H318
May be corrosive to metals. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P234-P261-P272-P280-P302+P352-P305+P351+P338-P310-P333+P313-P363-P390-P501c
Keep only in original container. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Absorb spillage to prevent material damage. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant