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It is used in preparation of crystalline esters from acids. 2-Bromoacetophenone is a complete and irreversible inactivator of human liver aldehyde dehydrogenase isoenzymes E1 and E2.
E Bielak; S Biliński. [Reactions of 1-(X-benzoyl)-4-R-thiosemicarbazide with chloroacetone and µ-bromoacetophenone. VI. 4-(o-tolyl)-thiosemicarbazide of o-nitro - and p-nitrobenzoic acid]. Annales UMCS Medicina. 1996,51 185-193.
Adolfo Lopez Torres; Eunice Yanez Barrientos; Katarzyna Wrobel; Kazimierz Wrobel. Selective derivatization of cytosine and methylcytosine moieties with 2-bromoacetophenone for submicrogram DNA methylation analysis by reversed phase HPLC with spectrofluorimetric detection. Analytical chemistry 2011, 83 (20), 7999-8005.
Reagent for carboxyl protection as phenacyl esters, stable to acid hydrolysis but readily cleaved by nucleophiles or by reduction. See Appendix 6. Protection can be effected in the presence of triethylamine: J. Chem. Soc. (C), 1191 (1966), or, better, KF in DMF: Tetrahedron Lett., 599 (1977). Phase-transfer conditions have also been reported: Synth. Commun., 26, 1747 (1996). Cleavage has been described using a variety of reagents, including Zn-AcOH: Tetrahedron Lett., 343 (1970), catalytic hydrogenolysis, treatment with PhS-, PhSeH, or NaHTe: Synth. Commun., 18, 116 (1988); TBAF: J. Org. Chem., 56, 5465 (1991); or photolysis: J. Org. Chem., 62, 6245 (1997).
Has also been used to block the imidazole ring in histidine residues during peptide synthesis, and is stable to TFA, TfOH and HBr-AcOH: J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 472 (1978); J. Chem. Soc., Perkin 1, 2261 (1979).
For formation of the Sn enolate using SnCl2, see: Synth. Commun., 23, 271 (1993). 1,4-Diketones may be synthesized from ɑ-bromoketones and Sn enolates: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin 1, 3205 (1990).
Hazard Statements: H331-H314-H318
Toxic if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P280-P305+P351+P338-P309-P310a
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or if you feel unwell: