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Useful for stabilizing sulfhydryl-containing enzymes1,4-Dithio-DL-threitol is used as a protective agent in preventing oxidation of thiol groups and reagent for the reduction of disulfide groups in proteins. It is employed to investigate a-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase function, flavin cofactors in proteins and protein moieties involved in peroxide reduction. It is also useful for stabilizing sulfhydryl-containing enzymes.
Protective agent for preventing oxidation of thiol groups and reagent for reduction of disulfide groups in proteins: Biochemistry, 3, 480 (1964); 11, 2939 (1972); J. Biol. Chem., 243, 716 (1968); Methods Enzymol., 25, 185 (1967); 143, 246 (1987).
Yang, H. K.; Zhang, L. M. New amphiphilic glycopolypeptide conjugate capable of self-assembly in water into reduction-sensitive micelles for triggered drug release. Mater. Sci. Eng. C 2014, 41, 36-41.
Feng, L.; Xie, A.; Hu, X.; Liu, Y.; Zhang, J.; Li, S.; Dong, W. A releasable disulfide carbonate linker for polyethyleneimine (PEI)-based gene vectors. New J. Chem. 2014, 38, (11), 5207-5214.
Hazard Statements: H302-H315-H319-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.