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Epichlorohydrin is used in the manufacture of polyamines and polyquaternary ammonium salts, as flocculents in water and wastewater treatment. It is used in the synthesis of surface active agents for washing products and toiletries. Polyamine-epichlorohydrin resin is used in paper industry to improve paper wet-strength. It acts as a chemical intermediate and widely used in the manufacture of epoxy resins, epichlorohydrin elastomers and polyamide-epichlorohydrin resins.
For use as an acid scavenger in bromination reactions, see: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 95, 4419 (1973).
The preparation of glycidyl ethers, often carried out in two steps, via the ring-opened chlorohydrin ether and subsequent ring-closure with base, can be achieved as a single step, under phase-transfer conditions: Synthesis, 117 (1983). For extension to diglycidyl ethers of diols, see: Synthesis, 649 (1985).
Reaction with primary amines provides a one-step route to 3-azetidinols: J. Org. Chem., 55, 2920 (1990):
Zhang, Y.; Tan, Z.; Liu, B.; Mao, D.; Xiong, C. Coconut shell activated carbon tethered ionic liquids for continuous cycloaddition of CO2 to epichlorohydrin in packed bed reactor. Catal. Commun. 2015, 68, 73-76.
Xiao, S.; Zhang, C.; Chen, R.; Chen, F. Selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde with H2O2 in water on epichlorohydrin-modified Fe3O4 microspheres. New. J. Chem. 2015, 39 (6), 4924-4932.
Hazard Statements: H226-H301-H311-H314-H317-H331-H335-H350
Flammable liquid and vapour. Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Toxic if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause cancer.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P272-P280g-P281-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P333+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant