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Methyl formate is used as a precursor to formamide, dimethylformamide and formic acid. It is used as a blowing agent and utilized for quick-drying finishes due to its high vapor pressure. It is used as a component of azeotrope to recover expensive solvents. Further, it is used as a propellant and an intermediate for optical brighteners and hydrocyanic acid.
Yalfani, M. S.; Lolli, G.; Müller, T. E.; Wolf, A.; Mleczko, L. Methyl N-Phenyl Carbamate Synthesis from Aniline and Methyl Formate: Carbon Recycling to Chemical Products. ChemSusChem 2015, 8 (3), 443-447.
Wu, C.; Zhang, Z.; Zhu, Q.; Han, H.; Yang, Y.; Han, B. Highly efficient hydrogenation of carbon dioxide to methyl formate over supported gold catalysts. Green Chem. 2015, 17 (3), 1467-1472.
Hazard Statements: H224-H302-H315-H319-H331-H335
Extremely flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. Toxic if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P240-P243-P261-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P312-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P311-P330-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362-P372-P374-P380-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Explosion risk in case of fire. Fight fire with normal precautions from a reasonable distance. Evacuate area. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant