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Sodium benzoate is widely used as a preservative in food, medicine, cosmetics and animal feeds. It is used in the treatment of hyperammonemia and urea cycle disorders. It is used in the fireworks as a fuel in whistle mix. It is also used in the preparation of toothpaste and mouthwashes. It finds application in most of the acidic foods such as salad dressings (vinegar), carbonated drinks (carbonic acid), jams and fruit juices (citric acid), pickles (vinegar), and condiments.
Villarruel, S.; Giannuzzi, L.; Rivero, S.; Pinotti, A. Changes induced by UV radiation in the presence of sodium benzoate in films formulated with polyvinyl alcohol and carboxymethyl cellulose. Mater. Sci. Eng. C 2015, 56, 545-554.
Matsuura, A.; Fujita, Y.; Iyo, M.; Hashimoto, K. Effects of sodium benzoate on pre-pulse inhibition deficits and hyperlocomotion in mice after administration of phencyclidine. Acta Neuropsych. 2015, 27 (3), 159-167.
Hazard Statements: H303-H315-H319
May be harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P280a-P305+P351+P338-P312a-P321-P332+P313-P337+P313
Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER/doctor if you feel unwell. Specific treatment (see label). If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: