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cis-Aconitic anhydride is used in the preparation of poly(amino acid)-containing copolymers with gradient pH-sensitive side groups initiated by the amino groups in methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(L-lysine). It is also involved in the preparation of pH-sensitive anti-tumor prodrug nanoparticles by conjugation with D-alfa-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS).
Sun, D.; Ding, J.; Xiao, C.; Chen, J.; Zhuang, X.; Chen, X. pH-Responsive Reversible PEGylation Improves Performance of Antineoplastic Agent. Adv. Healthcare Mater. 2015, 4 (6), 844-855.
Chen, J.; Ding, J.; Zhang, Y.; Xiao, C.; Zhuang, X.; Chen, X. Polyion complex micelles with gradient pH-sensitivity for adjustable intracellular drug delivery. Polym. Chem. 2015, 6 (3), 397-405.
Hazard Statements: H314-H335
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant