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Sodium percarbonate is used as an oxidizing agent and environmentally friendly bleaching agent. It is used as a laboratory source of anhydrous hydrogen peroxide. It is utilized for the preparation of optically active 4-hydroxy-2-isoxazolines. It is widely used in detergent formulations and cleaning products such as carpet cleaner, textile bleach, denture cleaners, pulp and paper bleaching processes. It is also used as a hard filth removing agent in electroplating, waste water treatment agent and polymerization control agent. Further, it finds application in furniture polish and cleaners and personal care formulations. In addition to this, it is used in the preparation of trimethyl cyclopentenyl acetaldehyde and epoxydihydrolinalool.
Useful, inexpensive oxidant; reviews: Tetrahedron, 51, 6145 (1995); Synthesis, 1325 (1995); J. Chem. Soc., Perkin 1, 471 (2000). Examples: Conversion of nitriles to amides: Synth. Commun., 20, 1445 (1990). Cleavage of ɑ-diketones to acids: Synth. Commun., 23, 1183 (1993). Dakin or Baeyer-Villiger reaction (ultrasound-promoted): Tetrahedron Lett., 33, 865 (1992); or (in combination with TFA): Synthesis, 739 (1991). For an extensive review of the Baeyer-Villiger reaction, see: Org. React., 43, 251 (1993).
Has been used in the presence of a catalytic amount of Pyridinium dichromate, L15132, or Potassium dichromate, A18722, and a phase-transfer catalyst, for the selective oxidation of secondary alcohols to ketones: Tetrahedron Lett., 35, 1989 (1994); Synth. Commun., 25, 2373 (1995).
Can be used to generate the powerful oxidant peroxytrifluoroacetic acid from trifluoroacetic anhydride, avoiding the use of hazardous 90% hydrogen peroxide. The in situ generated peracid is useful in promoting the Baeyer-Villiger reaction of difficult substrates: Bull. Korean Chem. Soc., 17, 5 (1996).
Nakano, M.; Wada, T.; Koga, N. Exothermic Behavior of Thermal Decomposition of Sodium Percarbonate: Kinetic Deconvolution of Successive Endothermic and Exothermic Processes. J. Phys. Chem. A 2015, 119 (38), 9761-9769.
Hematian, S.; Hormozi, F. Drying kinetics of coated sodium percarbonate particles in a conical fluidized bed dryer. Powder Technol. 2015, 269, 30-37.
Hazard Statements: H272-H303-H318
May intensify fire; oxidizer. May be harmful if swallowed. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P221-P210v-P220-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P501a
Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles. Keep away from heat Keep/Store away from clothing/combustible materials. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.