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Tri-n-butyl phosphate is used as a solvent for rare earth metals exaction and purification, and as a flame retardant component of aircraft hydraulic fluid. It is involved in the formation of stable hydrophobic complexes with some metals. It is also employed as a defoamer additive in cement casings for oil wells, as an anti-air entrainment additive for coatings and floor finishes and as a solvent in nuclear fuel processing. Further, it is used as a solvent in inks, synthetic resins, gums and adhesives. In addition, it is used as a plasticizer for cellulose esters like nitrocellulose and cellulose acetate.
Vo, Q. N.; Hawkins, C. A.; Dang, L. X.; Nilsson, M.; Nguyen, H. D. Computational Study of Molecular Structure and Self-Association of Tri-n-butyl Phosphates in n-Dodecane. J. Phys. Chem. B 2015, 119 (4), 1588-1597.
Rama, R.; Rout, A.; Venkatesan, K. A.; Antony, M. P.; Rao, P. R. V. Electrochemical behavior of Eu(III) in imidazolium ionic liquid containing tri-n-butyl phosphate and N, N-dihexyloctanamide ligands. J. Electroanal. Chem. 2015, 757, 36-43.
Hazard Statements: H302-H315-H319-H351
Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. Suspected of causing cancer.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P264b-P270-P280i-P281-P301+P312-P302+P352-P305+P351+P338-P308+P313-P330-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Wear eye/face protection. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation occurs: If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant