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Tri-n-butyl phosphate is used as a solvent for rare earth metals exaction and purification, and as a flame retardant component of aircraft hydraulic fluid. It is involved in the formation of stable hydrophobic complexes with some metals. It is also employed as a defoamer additive in cement casings for oil wells, as an anti-air entrainment additive for coatings and floor finishes and as a solvent in nuclear fuel processing. Further, it is used as a solvent in inks, synthetic resins, gums and adhesives. In addition, it is used as a plasticizer for cellulose esters like nitrocellulose and cellulose acetate.
Vo, Q. N.; Hawkins, C. A.; Dang, L. X.; Nilsson, M.; Nguyen, H. D. Computational Study of Molecular Structure and Self-Association of Tri-n-butyl Phosphates in n-Dodecane. J. Phys. Chem. B 2015, 119 (4), 1588-1597.
Rama, R.; Rout, A.; Venkatesan, K. A.; Antony, M. P.; Rao, P. R. V. Electrochemical behavior of Eu(III) in imidazolium ionic liquid containing tri-n-butyl phosphate and N, N-dihexyloctanamide ligands. J. Electroanal. Chem. 2015, 757, 36-43.
Hazard Statements: H302-H315-H351
Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Suspected of causing cancer.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P201-P280h-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves/clothing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.