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Mercury(II) iodide is is used for preparation of Nessler's reagent, used for detection of presence of ammonia. It is a semiconductor material, used in some x-ray and gamma ray detection and imaging devices operating at room temperatures. In veterinary medicine, it is used in blister ointments in exostoses, bursal enlargement, etc.
Philip J.Potts; Peter C.Webb; Olwen Williams-Thorpe; Richard Kilworth. Analysis of silicate rocks using field-portable X-ray fluorescence instrumentation incorporating a mercury(II) iodide detector: a preliminary assessment of analytical performance. Analyst. 1995, 120, (5),1273-1278
Ghodrat Mahmoudi; Ali Morsali. Mercury(II) iodide coordination polymers generated from polyimine ligands. Polyhedron. 2008, 27, (3),1070-1078
Hazard Statements: H300-H310-H330-H373
Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Fatal if inhaled. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P301+P310a-P304+P340-P320-P330-P405-P501a
IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Specific treatment is urgent (see label). Rinse mouth. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.