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Mercury(II) oxide is used in marine and porcelain paints, dry batteries, chemical reagents, and topical antiseptics. It acts as a significant part in the production of mercury. It is utilitarian in the deduction of a mercury based superconductor. It is likewise employed, as a photo-oxidant for the photochemical oxidation of primary aromatic amines to the corresponding azoaromatic compounds. It is also an essential material for the preparation of cathodes in mercury batteries.
Wu, S. J.; Katayama, R.; Azhar Uddin, M.; Sasaoka, E.; Xie, Z. M. Study on Reactivity of HgO over Activated Carbon with HCl and SO2 in the Presence of Moisture by Temperature-Programmed Decomposition Desorption Mass Spectrometry. Energy Fuels 2015, 29 (10), 6598-6604.
Smith, R. S.; Wiederhold, J. G.; Kretzschmar, R. Mercury Isotope Fractionation during Precipitation of Metacinnabar ( β-HgS) and Montroydite (HgO). Environ. Sci. Technol. 2015, 49 (7), 4325-4334.
Farhadi, S.; Zaringhadama, P.; Sahamieh, R. Z. Photo-assisted Oxidation of Anilines and Other Primary Aromatic Amines to Azo Compounds Using Mercury(II) Oxide as a Photo-Oxidant. Acta Chim. Slov. 2007, 54, 647-653.
Hazard Statements: H300-H310-H330-H373
Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Fatal if inhaled. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P262-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P284-P301+P310-P302+P350-P304+P340-P310-P314-P330-P361-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Wear respiratory protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN: Gently wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell. Rinse mouth. Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant