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Tin(II) chloride is widely used as a reducing agent in organic synthesis, for example conversion of quinones into hydroquinones, nitroaromatics into aromatic amines, and in Stephen reduction. It can be used to reduce certain metal salts into metals, tin plating, analytical testing of mercury ions, formation of silver mirrors and metal-metal bonds. It is also used for tin-plating, as a mordant in textile dyeing and as a catalyst in the production of polylactic acid. Further it is used as a food additive, wherein it serves as an anti-oxidant and a color retention agent. It can be used in the condensation of aryl aldehydes with cyclohexan-1,3-diones to synthesize xanthenes. It catalyzes direct conversion of aldehydes into beta-keto esters.
For applications see under dihydrate.
Karami, B.; Eskandari, K.; Zare, Z.; Gholipour, S. A New Access to 1,8-Dioxooctahydroxanthenes Using Yttrium(III) Nitrate Hexahydrate and Tin(II) Chloride Dihydrate as Effective and Reusable Catalysts. Chem. Heterocycl. Compd. 2014, 49 (12), 1715-1722.
Kamali, A. R. Thermokinetic characterisation of tin(II) chloride. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 2014, 118 (1), 99-104.
Chia, S. -P.; Li, Y.; Ganguly, R.; So, C. -W. Heteroleptic Germanium(II) and Tin(II) Chlorides Supported by Anionic Ligands Derived from 2,3-Dimethyl-1,4-diaza-1,3-butadiene. Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2014, 526-532.
Hazard Statements: H290-H302-H314-H317-H332-H335-H373
May be corrosive to metals. Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Harmful if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P234-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P272-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P333+P313-P363-P390-P501c
Keep only in original container. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Absorb spillage to prevent material damage. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant