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Glycerol is used as a solvent, sweetener, preservative, antifreezing agent, thickening agent in liqueurs and humectants in the food industry. It is also used in the preparation of pharmaceutical and personal care products, thereby improving the smoothness and provides lubrication. It is an active component in glycerin soap. It finds application in cough syrups, elixirs and expectorants, toothpaste, soaps, mouthwashes, skin care products, shaving cream, hair care products, and water-based personal lubricants. It is used as a starting material for the preparation of nitroglycerin, allyl iodidie, epichlorohydrin and glycerine acetate. In medical field, it is also used as a laxative and a temporary reduction in the internal pressure of the eye. In addition to this, it is involved to aid in casting gradient gels, protein stabilizer and storage buffer component.
Morales, M.; Dapsens, P. Y.; Giovinazzo, I.; Witte, J.; Mondelli, C.; Papadokonstantakis, S.; Hungerbuhler, K.; Ramirez, J. P. Environmental and economic assessment of lactic acid production from glycerol using cascade bio- and chemocatalysis. Energy Environ. Sci. 2015, 8 (2), 558-567.
Bagheri, S.; Julkapli, N. M.; Yehye, W. A. Catalytic conversion of biodiesel derived raw glycerol to value added products. Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev. 2015, 41, 113-127.