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Zinc chloride is used as a catalyst, dehydrating and condensing agent, soldering flux, and metal etchant. It is also employed in preserving anatomical specimens, wood preservatives, deodorant, disinfecting and embalming materials. It is likewise employed as a mordant in printing and dyeing materials and in the vulcanizing processes of fiber and rubber. It is useful as an electrolyte in dry cell batteries, in metal industry, in galvanizing iron and as an electrolyte for electroplating. It is useful in organic synthesis, for example, in the Friedel-Crafts acylatoin, Fisher indole synthesis, Lucas reagent (zinc chloride with HCl), activation of allylic/benzylic halides towards reaction with olefins or with sodium cyanoborohydride catalyzed reduction of halides, organozinc reagents for use in Negishi coupling, and aldol condensation reactions.
Salyulev, A. B.; Potapov, A. M. Conductivity of Some Molten Chlorides at Elevated Temperatures I. Experimental and Calculation Techniques for BeCl2, ZnCl2, and PbCl2. J. Chem. Eng. Data. 2015, 60 (3), 484-492.
Kamandari, H.; Rafsanjani, H. H.; Najjarzadeh, H.; Eksiri, Z. Influence of process variables on chemically activated carbon from pistachio shell with ZnCl2 and KOH Journal on Chemical Intermediates. 2015, 41 (1), 71-81.
Hazard Statements: H302-H314-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant