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Iron(II) chloride tetrahydrate is used as a reducing agent in metallurgy, in pharmaceutical preparations, as a mordant in dyeing and in sewage treatment. Ferrous chloride has a kind of niche application. During the laboratory synthesis of iron complexes, ferrous chloride acts as a reducing flocculating agent in waste water treatment, particularly for wastes containing chromate. It is the precursor to hydrated iron(III) oxides that are magnetic pigments. Ferrous chloride is employed as a reducing agent in many organic synthesis reactions.
Rümenapp, C.; Wagner, F. E.; Gleich, B. Monitoring of the aging of magnetic nanoparticles using Mössbauer spectroscopy. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 2015, 380, 241-245.
Ghaemi, N.; Madaeni, S. S.; Daraei, P.; Rajabi, H.; Zinadini, S.; Alizadeh, A.; Ghouzivand, S. Polyethersulfone membrane enhanced with iron oxide nanoparticles for copper removal from water: Application of new functionalized Fe 3 O 4 nanoparticles. Chem. Eng. J 2015, 263, 101-112.
Hazard Statements: H302-H314-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant