Vitamin B-5D-Pantothenic acid calcium salt hydrate acts as a precursor in the biosynthesis of coenzyme A. It also involved in the catabolism of fatty acids, preparation of heme and the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. It is involved in the regulation of gene expression and in signal transduction. Further, it is used in sphingolipids, cholesterol and steroid hormones.
Poh, C. K.; Ng, S.; Lim, T. Y.; Tan, H. C.; Loo, J.; Wang, W. In vitro characterizations of mesoporous hydroxyapatite as a controlled release delivery device for VEGF in orthopedic applications. J. Biomed. Mater. Res. Part A 2012, 100A (11), 3143-3150.