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2-Methylimidazole is used as a raw material for the preparation of nitroimidazole antibiotics, which is useful in combat anaerobic bacterial and parasitic infections. It acts as a ligand in coordination chemistry. It is also employed as a hardener or accelerator for epoxy resin and auxiliary agent for textile dyes. Further, it acts as a catalyst for refolding of enhanced colored fluorescent protein. It is also useful as a building block in the synthesis of biologically active compounds. In addition to this, it is used as an active pharmaceutical ingredient intermediate such as metronidazole and dimetridazole.
Xu, X. B.; Liu, D. B.; Yu, S. J.; Yu, P.; Zhao, Z. G. Separation and determination of 4-methylimidazole, 2-methylimidazole and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in beverages by amino trap column coupled with pulsed amperometric detection. Food Chem. 2015, 169, 224-229.
Wu, X.; Huang, M.; Kong, F.; Yu, S. Short communication: Study on the formation of 2-methylimidazole and 4-methylimidazole in the Maillard reaction. J. Dairy Sci. 2015, 98 (12), 8565-8571.
Hazard Statements: H302-H314-H335-H351-H360
Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation. Suspected of causing cancer. May damage fertility or the unborn child.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P281-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P363-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant