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1,2-Bis(bromomethyl)benzene is used in the synthesis of isothioureas involved in the inhibition of human nitric oxide synthases. Also used in the synthesis of tridentate carbene ligands.
Gary D. Ewing, et al. Efficient synthesis of 4,5-benzotropone from o-xylylene dibromide.J. Org. Chem.,1975,40(20), 2965-2966.
C. E. Griffin, et al. Synthesis of a Macrocycle by Application of the Wittig Reaction.J. Org. Chem.,1962,27(5), 1627-1631.
Reductive debromination with activated Ni provides a simple route to o-xylylene, which can be trapped by dienophiles: J. Org. Chem., 53, 339 (1988):
o-Xylylene can also be generated using Zn metal and ultrasound: J. Org. Chem., 47, 751 (1982), or NaI in DMF: Chem. Pharm. Bull., 22, 2159 (1974).
Dialkylating agent for the formation of a variety of benzo-fused carbocyclic and heterocyclic ring systems, e.g. five-membered with Meldrum's acid (Isopropylidene malonate, A15603): Org. Prep. Proced. Int., 24, 185 (1992), 7-membered with Dimethyl acetone-1,3-dicarboxylate, A14969: J. Org. Chem., 54, 5237 (1989), as well as macrocycles and cryptands; see, e.g.: J. Org. Chem., 57, 6112 (1992). Reaction with 1,2- and 1,3-diols has been used a method of protection; the diol can be regenerated by hydrogenolysis: Synth. Commun., 19, 3363 (1989).
Hazard Statements: H314-H318
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P201-P280-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.