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N,O-Dimethylhydroxylamine hydrochloride is used as a reagent in the preparation of 2-acyloxazoles from 2-oxazolemagnesium chloride and N-methoxy-N-methyl-3-oxo-butyramide from diketene. It is also used in amide coupling reactions to form Weinreb amides, which are useful in the Weinreb ketone synthesis. In addition, it is used in the preparation of an inhibitor of the NLS-derived BC peptides.
The N-methoxy-N-methylamides (Weinreb amides) of carboxylic acids, N-protected amino acids and peptides are readily prepared from the acid chloride or mixed anhydride, or from the acid in the presence of 2-Chloro-1-methylpyridinium iodide, A12820 : Synth. Commun., 25, 1277 (1995); or BOP Reagent ( 1H-Benzotriazol-1-yloxytris(dimethylamino)phosphonium hexafluorophosphate, A16140 ): J. Org. Chem., 61, 4999 (1996). The products undergo a number of useful transformations, e.g.:
Reaction with Grignard or organolithium reagents gives ketones: Tetrahedron Lett., 22, 3815 (1981). Reduction with Lithium aluminum hydride, A18116 , gives the aldehyde: Synthesis, 676 (1983). For subsequent conversion of Boc-amino acid derived aldehydes and ketones to pyrrole derivatives, see: J. Org. Chem., 61, 4999 (1996). Coupling with alkyl acetoacetates gives ß δ -diketo esters: Tetrahedron Lett., 29, 6467 (1988). For conversion to ɑ -diketones or ɑ -keto esters, see: J. Org. Chem., 54, 3913 (1989).
Burk, M.; Wilson, N.; Herzon, S. B. Multigram synthesis of 1-O-acetyl-3-O-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4-N-(9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl)-4-N-methyl-l-pyrrolosamine. Tetrahedron Lett. 2015, 56 (23), 3231-3234.
Prosser, A. R.; Liotta, D. C. One-pot transformation of esters to analytically pure ketones: Methodology and application in process development. Tetrahedron Lett. 2015, 56 (23), 3005-3007.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.