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The main application of mercuric chloride is as a catalyst for the conversion of acetylene to vinyl chloride, the precursor to polyvinylchloride. It is also employed in photography.
Jay A. Young. Mercury(II) Chloride. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81 (9),1260.
Kevin R Henke.; David Robertson.; Matthew K Krepps.; David A Atwood. Chemistry and stability of precipitates from aqueous solutions of 2,4,6-trimercaptotriazine, trisodium salt, nonahydrate (TMT-55) and mercury (II) chloride. Water Res.. 2000, 34 (11), 3005-3013.
Aromatic mercuration can be brought about by reaction with aryllithium compounds, e.g. from N,N-Diethylbenzamide, L08427: J. Org. Chem., 2728 (1988).
For a review of organomercurials in synthesis, see: Tetrahedron, 38, 1713 (1982).
Reagent for the cleavage of various sulfur compounds, such as dithioacetals; see 1,3-Dithiane, A10505.
Hazard Statements: H300-H310-H314-H335-H341-H361f-H372
Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation. Suspected of causing genetic defects. Suspected of damaging fertility. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P260-P262-P264b-P270-P281-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P363-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant