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The main application of mercuric chloride is as a catalyst for the conversion of acetylene to vinyl chloride, the precursor to polyvinylchloride. It is also employed in photography.
Jay A. Young. Mercury(II) Chloride. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81 (9),1260.
Kevin R Henke.; David Robertson.; Matthew K Krepps.; David A Atwood. Chemistry and stability of precipitates from aqueous solutions of 2,4,6-trimercaptotriazine, trisodium salt, nonahydrate (TMT-55) and mercury (II) chloride. Water Res.. 2000, 34 (11), 3005-3013.
Aromatic mercuration can be brought about by reaction with aryllithium compounds, e.g. from N,N-Diethylbenzamide, L08427: J. Org. Chem., 2728 (1988).
For a review of organomercurials in synthesis, see: Tetrahedron, 38, 1713 (1982).
Reagent for the cleavage of various sulfur compounds, such as dithioacetals; see 1,3-Dithiane, A10505.
Hazard Statements: H300-H314-H341-H361-H372
Fatal if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Suspected of causing genetic defects. Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P260u-P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.