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A17813 Sodium formate, 98%

CAS Number
Formic acid sodium salt

Stock No. Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
A17813-30 250g 16.60
A17813-0B 1000g 28.60
A17813-0I 5000g 80.60
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Sodium formate, 98%


Chemical Properties

Formula Weight
Melting point
Storage & Sensitivity
Hygroscopic. Ambient temperatures.
Soluble in water, alcohol, glycerol and formic acid. Insoluble in ether.


Sodium formate is used in analytical chemistry to precipitate noble metals. It is used for tanning leather, for dyeing and printing fabrics. It acts as an electroplating agent, an acidulant in the textile industry, a reducing agent, a mordant, a complexing agent. Further, it is used in photographic fixing baths. In addition, it is used as a buffering agent for strong mineral acids and food additive.


Hygroscopic. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong acids. Moisture sensitive

Literature References

Converts Grignard reagents to aldehydes in excellent yields: Tetrahedron Lett., 25, 1843 (1984). Lithium formate may also be used.

Under phase-transfer conditions converts primary alkyl chlorides to alcohols via the formate esters: Synthesis, 763 (1986).

Reaction with acetyl chloride gives the useful formylating agent, formic acetic anhydride. For details, including isolation by distillation, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 6, 8 (1988); review: Tetrahedron, 46, 1081 (1990).

Reduces amine oxides to amines under mild conditions: Chem. Lett., 1517 (1985).

Can be used as a hydrogen donor in catalytic transfer hydrogenation reactions. More active hydrogen donor than formic acid in hydrogenolysis of aryl chlorides. For a comparative mechanistic study of formic acid and formate salts in this reaction, see: J. Org. Chem., 60, 1347 (1995). See also Ammonium formate, A10699 .

Kathó, Á.; Szatmári, I.; Papp, G.; Joó, F. Effect of 2-Propanol on the Transfer Hydrogenation of Aldehydes by Aqueous Sodium Formate using a Rhodium(I)-sulfonated Triphenylphosphine Catalyst. Int. J. Chem. 2015, 69 (6), 339-344.

Soni, R.; Hall, T. H.; Mitchell, B. P.; Owen, M. R.; Wills, M. Asymmetric reduction of electron-rich ketones with tethered ru(II)/TsDPEN catalysts using formic acid/triethylamine or aqueous sodium formate. J. Org. Chem. 2015, 80 (13), 6784-6793.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H315-H320-H335-H500

Causes skin irritation. Causes eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation. May form combustible dust concentrations in air

Precautionary Statements: P210-P261-P264b-P271-P280-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362-P501c

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant

Other References

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