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141-53-7 - Sodium formate, 98% - Formic acid sodium salt - A17813 - Alfa Aesar

A17813 Sodium formate, 98%

CAS Number
141-53-7
Synonyms
Formic acid sodium salt

Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
250g 14.40
1000g 27.19
5000g 75.60
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Sodium formate, 98%

MDL
MFCD00013101
EINECS
205-488-0

Chemical Properties

Formula
HCO2Na
Formula Weight
68.01
Melting point
259-262°
Density
1.92
Sensitivity
Hygroscopic
Solubility
Soluble in water, alcohol, glycerol and formic acid. Insoluble in ether.

Applications

Sodium formate is used in analytical chemistry to precipitate noble metals. It is used for tanning leather, for dyeing and printing fabrics. It acts as an electroplating agent, an acidulant in the textile industry, a reducing agent, a mordant, a complexing agent. Further, it is used in photographic fixing baths. In addition, it is used as a buffering agent for strong mineral acids and food additive.

Notes

Hygroscopic. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong acids. Moisture sensitive

Literature References

Converts Grignard reagents to aldehydes in excellent yields: Tetrahedron Lett., 25, 1843 (1984). Lithium formate may also be used.

Under phase-transfer conditions converts primary alkyl chlorides to alcohols via the formate esters: Synthesis, 763 (1986).

Reaction with acetyl chloride gives the useful formylating agent, formic acetic anhydride. For details, including isolation by distillation, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 6, 8 (1988); review: Tetrahedron, 46, 1081 (1990).

Reduces amine oxides to amines under mild conditions: Chem. Lett., 1517 (1985).

Can be used as a hydrogen donor in catalytic transfer hydrogenation reactions. More active hydrogen donor than formic acid in hydrogenolysis of aryl chlorides. For a comparative mechanistic study of formic acid and formate salts in this reaction, see: J. Org. Chem., 60, 1347 (1995). See also Ammonium formate, A10699 .

Kathó, Á.; Szatmári, I.; Papp, G.; Joó, F. Effect of 2-Propanol on the Transfer Hydrogenation of Aldehydes by Aqueous Sodium Formate using a Rhodium(I)-sulfonated Triphenylphosphine Catalyst. Int. J. Chem. 2015, 69 (6), 339-344.

Soni, R.; Hall, T. H.; Mitchell, B. P.; Owen, M. R.; Wills, M. Asymmetric reduction of electron-rich ketones with tethered ru(II)/TsDPEN catalysts using formic acid/triethylamine or aqueous sodium formate. J. Org. Chem. 2015, 80 (13), 6784-6793.

Other References

Merck
14,8621
Beilstein
3595134
Harmonized Tariff Code
2915.12
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
LR0350000

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