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Glutaraldehyde is used for cross-linking proteins and polyhydroxy materials. Also used as a fixative for tissues and as an amine-reactive homobifunctional crosslinker. It is also used in coupling reaction of biotin hydrazides to nucleic acids which is useful for conjugating fluorescent hydrazides and hydroxylamines to DNA and for stabilization ofproteins on agarose beads,activation of polystyrene and glass, for immobilization of antibodies and antigens.
For use in the Robinson synthesis of pseudopelletierine, see Acetone-1,3-dicarboxylic acid, A13742.
Reaction with (R)-(-)-2-Phenylglycinol, A19030, gives an intermediate for asymmetric synthesis of alkaloids: Org. Synth. Coll., 9, 176 (1998).
Cho, K. L.; Hill, A. J.; Caruso, F.; Kentish, S. E. Chlorine Resistant Glutaraldehyde Crosslinked Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Membranes for Desalination. Adv. Mater. 2015, 27 (17), 2791-2796.
Vikram, A.; Bomberger, J. M.; Bibby, K. J. Efflux as a Glutaraldehyde Resistance Mechanism in Pseudomonas fluorescens and Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilms. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 2015, 59 (6), 3433-3440.
Hazard Statements: H302-H314-H317-H332-H334
Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Harmful if inhaled. May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P270-P271-P272-P280-P284-P285-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P333+P313-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Wear respiratory protection. In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant