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3,4-Dimethoxy-3-cyclobutene-1,2-dione (Dimethyl squarate) finds it uses in the synthesis of chiral squaramides, highly enantioselective catalyst for the Friedel-Crafts reactions of indoles, 3-(hydroxyamino)-4-methoxy-3-cyclobutene-1,2-dione, squarate derivatives of the O-SP-core antigens, methyl squarate derivative of the Ogawa O-SP-core antigen, o-quinodimethanes, benzocyclobutenes, quinones. It is employed as a starting material in the preparation of o-quinodimethanes, benzocyclobutenes, and quinones.
Yong Qian.; Gaoyuan Ma.; Aifeng Lv.; Hai-Liang Zhu.; Jing Zhao.; Viresh H Rawal. Squaramide-catalyzed enantioselective Friedel-Crafts reaction of indoles with imines.Chem Commun (Camb).2010,46(17), 3004-3006.
M Burak Onaran.; Anthony B Comeau.; Christopher T Seto. Squaric acid-based peptidic inhibitors of matrix metalloprotease-1.J Org Chem.2005,70(26), 10792-10802.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H334-H317-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled. May cause an allergic skin reaction. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P284-P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Wear respiratory protection. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.