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Diphenylamine is employed as harvest scald inhibitor for apples indoor drench treatments due to its antioxidant property. Alkyl derivatives of diphenylamine are used as anti-ozonants in the rubber manufacturing. It is used as lubricants and acts as a stabilizer for plastics. In the analytical chemistry, it is used to test the nitrate ion in association with ammonium chloride in sulfuric acid.
An improved procedure for Ullmann-type coupling of aryl iodides with diarylamines to give triarylamines uses K2CO3/ 18-crown-6, in the presence of Cu powder in o-dichlorobenzene: Synthesis, 383 (1987).
Liu, C.; Fu, Q.; Zou, Y.; Yang, C.; Ma, D.; Qin, J. Low turn-on voltage, high-power-efficiency, solution-processed deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes based on starburst oligofluorenes with diphenylamine end-capper to enhance the HOMO level. Chem. Mater. 2014, 26 (10), 3074-3083.
Kang, S. H.; Choi, I. T.; Kang, M. S.; Eom, Y. K.; Ju, M. J.; Hong, J. Y.; Kang, S. H.; Kim, H. K. Novel D-π-A structured porphyrin dyes with diphenylamine derived electron-donating substituents for highly efficient dye-sensitized solar cells. J. Mater. Chem. A 2013, 1 (12), 3977-3982.
Hazard Statements: H301-H311-H331-H373
Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Toxic if inhaled. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P273-P280h-P309-P310a-P302+P352a-P501a
Avoid release to the environment. Wear protective gloves/clothing. IF exposed or if you feel unwell: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.