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Sodium hydroxide flake is widely used in a variety of large scale applications such as pulp and paper manufacturing, in the production of soap and detergents as well as in water treatment plants. It is used in the Bayer process of aluminum manufacture as well as to remove sulfurous impurities from crude oil. It is also used in the manufacture of biodiesel, rayon and cellophane; as a catalyst for the trans esterification of methanol and triglycerides and as paint stripper on wooden objects. It is mainly used for pH control, acid neutralization, off-gas scrubbing and as a catalyst in various industries like pharmaceutical, agrochemical, dyes, paints and polymer. It is also used in refining vegetable oils, rubber reclamation, metal processing, metal degreasing, adhesive preparations, paint removers, disinfectants, rubber latex stabilizers and in the stabilization of sodium hypochlorite.
Al Mustafa, M.; Agis, H.; Muller, H. D.; Watzek, G.; Gruber, R. In vitro adhesion of fibroblastic cells to titanium alloy discs treated with sodium hydroxide. Clin Oral Implants Res 2015, 26 (1), 15-19.
Huang, C.; He, J.; Wang, Y.; Min, D.; Yong, Q. Associating cooking additives with sodium hydroxide to pretreat bamboo residues for improving the enzymatic saccharification and monosaccharides production. Bioresour. Technol. 2015, 193, 142-149.
Hazard Statements: H314-H335
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant